Best Irish FactsFacts on Ireland and the Irish


Armagh is one of the six counties of Ireland in the United Kingdom.

It is in the province of Ulster.

It has an area of approximately 483 sq miles.

It has a population of approximately 160,000.

It is the twenty-eighth largest county in Ireland.

The county town of Armagh is Armagh.

The Irish name for Armagh is Árd Macha meaning Height of Macha referring to Macha Mong Ruadh or Queen Macha of the Red Locks who traditionally founded the city of Armagh around 370 BC.

The remains of Navan Fort known as Emain Macha are to the west of the county town, Armagh.

Armagh was the seat of the Kings of Ulster for 700 years.

Armagh is the seat of both the Roman Catholic and Protestant primates of Ireland.

Both bear the title Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland.

Both Armagh cathedrals are dedicated to Saint Patrick.

The Protestant cathedral is on the site of Saint Patrick's original church.

Saint Oliver Plunkett was Archbishop of Armagh from 1629 to 1681.

The highest point in Armagh is Slieve Gullion at 1,886 feet.

Slieve Gullion is an extinct volcano.

It has a crater lake.

There is also a passage tomb there.

It is the highest passage tomb in Ireland.

Armagh is known as The Orchard of Ireland.

Armagh City was the seat of St Patrick.

Brian Boru, last High King of Ireland is buried in St Patrick’s Church of Ireland Cathedral, Armagh City.

Jonathan Swift’s own first copy of Gulliver’s Travels is kept in the Armagh Public Library.

Armagh Observatory, founded in 1790, is located near the centre of Armagh City.

During the Northern Ireland Troubles, South Armagh had a reputation for militant republicanism.

It was the most militarised region in Western Europe and was known as “Bandit Country”.

Armagh is bordered by two counties in the Republic of Ireland and three counties in Northern Ireland.

The counties in the Republic of Ireland are Louth and Monaghan.

The counties in Northern Ireland are Antrim, Down, and Tyrone.

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